@ARTICLE{Lebeda_IEEETIP_2015, 
author={K. Lebeda and S. Hadfield and J. Matas and R. Bowden}, 
journal={IEEE Transactions on Image Processing}, 
title={Texture-Independent Long-Term Tracking Using Virtual Corners}, 
year={2016}, 
volume={25}, 
number={1}, 
pages={359-371}, 
keywords={edge detection;feature extraction;image sequences;image texture;object tracking;VTB1.0 benchmark;drift resistance property;edge-based feature detection;long-term stability;longest tracking sequence;object disappearance;occlusion;texture-independent object long-term tracking;two-module principle;virtual corner;visual tracking algorithm;Apertures;Image edge detection;Lighting;Robustness;Target tracking;Visualization;Machine vision;edge;image motion analysis;line correspondence;long-term tracking;low texture;visual tracking}, 
doi={10.1109/TIP.2015.2497141}, 
ISSN={1057-7149}, 
month={Jan},}





@ARTICLE{Pugeault_IEEETVT_2014, 
author={N. Pugeault and R. Bowden}, 
journal={IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology}, 
title={How Much of Driving Is Preattentive?}, 
year={2015}, 
volume={64}, 
number={12}, 
pages={5424-5438}, 
url={http://personal.ee.surrey.ac.uk/Personal/R.Bowden/
publications/2015/Pugeault_IEEETVT_2014pp.pdf},
doi={10.1109/TVT.2015.2487826}, 
ISSN={0018-9545}, 
month={Dec},}




@INPROCEEDINGS{Lebeda_ICCV_2015, 
author={K. Lebeda and S. Hadfield and R. Bowden}, 
booktitle={2015 IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV)}, 
title={Exploring Causal Relationships in Visual Object Tracking}, 
year={2015}, 
pages={3065-3073}, 
url={http://personal.ee.surrey.ac.uk/Personal/R.Bowden/publications/2015/Lebeda_ICCV_2015pp.pdf},
doi={10.1109/ICCV.2015.351}, 
month={Dec},}


@INPROCEEDINGS{Hadfield_ICCV_2015, 
author={S. Hadfield and R. Bowden}, 
booktitle={2015 IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV)}, 
title={Exploiting High Level Scene Cues in Stereo Reconstruction}, 
year={2015}, 
pages={783-791},  
url={http://personal.ee.surrey.ac.uk/Personal/R.Bowden/publications/2015/Hadfield_ICCV_2015pp.pdf},
doi={10.1109/ICCV.2015.96}, 
month={Dec},}



@INPROCEEDINGS{Koller_ACVR_ICCV_2015, 
author={O. Koller and H. Ney and R. Bowden}, 
booktitle={2015 IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision Workshop (ICCVW)}, 
title={Deep Learning of Mouth Shapes for Sign Language}, 
year={2015}, 
pages={477-483}, 
doi={10.1109/ICCVW.2015.69},
url={http://personal.ee.surrey.ac.uk/Personal/R.Bowden/publications/2015/Koller_ACVR_ICCV_2015.pdf}, 
month={Dec},}


@INPROCEEDINGS{Lebeda_ICCVWS_3dRR_2015, 
author={K. Lebeda and S. Hadfield and R. Bowden}, 
booktitle={2015 IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision Workshop (ICCVW)}, 
title={Dense Rigid Reconstruction from Unstructured Discontinuous Video}, 
year={2015}, 
pages={814-822}, 
doi={10.1109/ICCVW.2015.110}, 
url={http://personal.ee.surrey.ac.uk/Personal/R.Bowden/publications/2015/Lebeda_ICCVWS_3dRR_2015pp.pdf},
month={Dec}
}


@INPROCEEDINGS{Gilbert_ICCVWS_VSM_2015, 
author={A. Gilbert and R. Bowden}, 
booktitle={2015 IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision Workshop (ICCVW)}, 
title={Geometric Mining: Scaling Geometric Hashing to Large Datasets}, 
year={2015}, 
pages={1027-1035}, 
url={http://personal.ee.surrey.ac.uk/Personal/R.Bowden/publications/2015/Gilbert_ICCVWS_VSM_2015pp.pdf},
doi={10.1109/ICCVW.2015.135}, 
month={Dec}
}


@inproceedings{Lebeda-VOT2015, 
title = {The Visual Object Tracking VOT2015 challenge results}, 
booktitle = {ICCV workshop on Visual Object Tracking Challenge}, 
author = {M. Kristan and J. Matas and A. Leonardis and M. Felsberg and L. \v Cehovin and G. Fern\' andez and T. Voj\'\i \v r and G. H\" ager and G. Nebehay and R. Pflugfelder and A. Gupta and A. Bibi and A. Luke\v zi\v c and A. Garcia-Martin and A. Petrosino and A. Saffari and A.S. Montero and A. Varfolomieiev and A. Baskurt and B. Zhao and B. Ghanem and B. Martinez and B. Lee and B. Han and C. Wang and C. Garcia and C. Zhang and C. Schmid and D. Tao and D. Kim and D. Huang and D. Prokhorov and D. Du and D.-Y. Yeung and E. Ribeiro and F.S. Khan and F. Porikli and F. Bunyak and G. Zhu and G. Seetharaman and H. Kieritz and H.T. Yau and H. Li and H. Qi and H. Bischof and H. Possegger and H. Lee and H. Nam and I. Bogun and J.-C. Jeong and J.-I. Cho and J.-Y. Lee and J. Zhu and J. Shi and J. Li and J. Jia and J. Feng and J. Gao and J.Y. Choi and J.-W. Kim and J. Lang and J.M. Martinez and J. Choi and J. Xing and K. Xue and K. Palaniappan and K. Lebeda and K. Alahari and K. Gao and K. Yun and K.H. Wong and L. Luo and L. Ma and L. Ke and L. Wen and L. Bertinetto and M. Pootschi and M. Maresca and M. Danelljan and M. Wen and M. Zhang and M. Arens and M. Valstar and M. Tang and M.-C. Chang and M.H. Khan and N. Fan and N. Wang and O. Mik\v s\' \i k and P. Torr and Q. Wang and R. Martin-Nieto and R. Pelapur and R. Bowden and R. Lagani\`ere and S. Moujtahid and S. Hare and S. Hadfield and S. Lyu and S. Li and S.-C. Zhu and S. Becker and S. Duffner and S.L. Hicks and S. Golodetz and S. Choi and T. Wu and T. Mauthner and T. Pridmore and W. Hu and W. H\"ubner and X. Wang and X. Li and X. Shi and X. Zhao and X. Mei and Y. Shizeng and Y. Hua and Y. Li and Y. Lu and Y. Li and Z. Chen and Z. Huang and Z. Chen and Z. Zhang and Z. He and Z. Hong}, 
year = {2015}, 
month = {December}, 
day = {12}, 
venue = {Santiago, Chile}, 
url={http://personal.ee.surrey.ac.uk/Personal/R.Bowden/publications/2015/vot_2015_paper.pdf},
Doi = {10.1109/ICCVW.2015.79}, 
Pages = {564 -- 586}
}


@INPROCEEDINGS{Krejov_FG_2015, 
author={Krejov, P. and Gilbert, A. and Bowden, R.}, 
booktitle={Automatic Face and Gesture Recognition (FG), 2015 11th IEEE International Conference and Workshops on}, 
title={Combining discriminative and model based approaches for hand pose estimation}, 
year={2015}, 
volume={1}, 
pages={1-7}, 
keywords={gesture recognition;image classification;image segmentation;optimisation;palmprint recognition;pose estimation;random processes;3D model;RDF;discriminative based approaches;discriminative classification;hand kinematic model;hand pose estimation;image segmentation;model based approaches;model fitting;optimization process;point to surface constraints;randomised decision forests;rigid body dynamics;Computational modeling;Estimation;Joints;Kinematics;Optimization;Resource description framework;Training}, 
doi={10.1109/FG.2015.7163141}, 
month={May},
url={http://personal.ee.surrey.ac.uk/Personal/R.Bowden/publications/2015/Krejov_FG_2015pp.pdf}
}


@article{Bowden_Perception15,
title = {38th European Conference on Visual Perception (ECVP) 2015 Liverpool},
volume = {44}, 
number = {1 suppl}, 
pages = {1-415}, 
year = {2015}, 
doi = {10.1177/0301006615598674}, 
URL = {http://pec.sagepub.com/content/44/1_suppl/1.short}, 
eprint = {http://pec.sagepub.com/content/44/1_suppl/1.full.pdf+html}, 
journal = {Perception} 
}





@incollection{Lebeda_ACCV_2014,
year={2015},
isbn={978-3-319-16816-6},
booktitle={Computer Vision -- ACCV 2014},
volume={9006},
series={Lecture Notes in Computer Science},
editor={Cremers, Daniel and Reid, Ian and Saito, Hideo and Yang, Ming-Hsuan},
doi={10.1007/978-3-319-16817-3_42},
title={2D or Not 2D: Bridging the Gap Between Tracking and Structure from Motion},
doi={http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-16817-3_42},
url={http://personal.ee.surrey.ac.uk/Personal/R.Bowden/publications/2014/Lebeda_ACCV_2014pp.pdf},
publisher={Springer International Publishing},
author={Lebeda, Karel and Hadfield, Simon and Bowden, Richard},
pages={642-658},
language={English}
}


@incollection{Gilbert_ACCV_2014,
year={2015},
isbn={978-3-319-16813-5},
booktitle={Computer Vision -- ACCV 2014},
volume={9007},
series={Lecture Notes in Computer Science},
editor={Cremers, Daniel and Reid, Ian and Saito, Hideo and Yang, Ming-Hsuan},
doi={10.1007/978-3-319-16814-2_19},
title={Data Mining for Action Recognition},
doi={http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-16814-2_19},
url={http://personal.ee.surrey.ac.uk/Personal/R.Bowden/publications/2014/Gilbert_ACCV_2014pp.pdf},
publisher={Springer International Publishing},
author={Gilbert, Andrew and Bowden, Richard},
pages={290-303},
language={English}
}


@incollection{Hadfield_ECCV_2014,
year={2014},
isbn={978-3-319-10604-5},
booktitle={Computer Vision – ECCV 2014},
volume={8690},
series={Lecture Notes in Computer Science},
editor={Fleet, David and Pajdla, Tomas and Schiele, Bernt and Tuytelaars, Tinne},
title={Natural Action Recognition Using Invariant 3D Motion Encoding},
doi={http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-10605-2_49},
url={http://personal.ee.surrey.ac.uk/Personal/R.Bowden/publications/2014/Hadfield_ECCV_2014.pdf},
publisher={Springer International Publishing},
keywords={Action recognition; in the wild; 3D motion; scene flow; invariant encoding; stereo sequence calibration},
author={Hadfield, Simon and Lebeda, Karel and Bowden, Richard},
pages={758-771},
language={English}
}



@incollection{Koller_ECCV_2014,
year={2014},
isbn={978-3-319-10589-5},
booktitle={Computer Vision – ECCV 2014},
volume={8689},
series={Lecture Notes in Computer Science},
editor={Fleet, David and Pajdla, Tomas and Schiele, Bernt and Tuytelaars, Tinne},
title={Read My Lips: Continuous Signer Independent Weakly Supervised Viseme Recognition},
doi={http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-10590-1_19},
url={http://personal.ee.surrey.ac.uk/Personal/R.Bowden/publications/2014/Koller_ECCV_2014.pdf},
publisher={Springer International Publishing},
keywords={Sign Language Recognition; Viseme Recognition; Mouthing; Lip Reading},
author={Koller, Oscar and Ney, Hermann and Bowden, Richard},
pages={281-296},
language={English}
}


@incollection{Matej_VOT_2014,
year={2015},
isbn={978-3-319-16180-8},
booktitle={Computer Vision - ECCV 2014 Workshops},
volume={8926},
series={Lecture Notes in Computer Science},
editor={Agapito, Lourdes and Bronstein, Michael M. and Rother, Carsten},
doi={10.1007/978-3-319-16181-5_14},
title={The Visual Object Tracking VOT2014 Challenge Results},
url={http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-16181-5_14},
publisher={Springer International Publishing},
keywords={Performance evaluation; Short-term single-object trackers; VOT},
author={Kristan, Matej and Pflugfelder, Roman and Leonardis, Aleš and Matas, Jiri and Čehovin, Luka and Nebehay, Georg and Vojíř, Tomáš and Fernández, Gustavo and Lukežič, Alan and Dimitriev, Aleksandar and Petrosino, Alfredo and Saffari, Amir and Li, Bo and Han, Bohyung and Heng, CherKeng and Garcia, Christophe and Pangeršič, Dominik and Häger, Gustav and Khan, FahadShahbaz and Oven, Franci and Possegger, Horst and Bischof, Horst and Nam, Hyeonseob and Zhu, Jianke and Li, JiJia and Choi, JinYoung and Choi, Jin-Woo and Henriques, JoãoF. and van de Weijer, Joost and Batista, Jorge and Lebeda, Karel and Öfjäll, Kristoffer and Yi, KwangMoo and Qin, Lei and Wen, Longyin and Maresca, MarioEdoardo and Danelljan, Martin and Felsberg, Michael and Cheng, Ming-Ming and Torr, Philip and Huang, Qingming and Bowden, Richard and Hare, Sam and Lim, SamanthaYueYing and Hong, Seunghoon and Liao, Shengcai and Hadfield, Simon and Li, StanZ. and Duffner, Stefan and Golodetz, Stuart and Mauthner, Thomas and Vineet, Vibhav and Lin, Weiyao and Li, Yang and Qi, Yuankai and Lei, Zhen and Niu, ZhiHeng},
pages={191-217},
language={English}
}


@inproceedings{Hadfield_BMVC_2014,
	title = {Scene Flow Estimation using Intelligent Cost Functions},
	author = {Hadfield, Simon and Bowden, Richard},
	year = {2014},
	booktitle = {Proceedings of the British Machine Vision Conference},
	publisher = {BMVA Press},
	editors = {Valstar, Michel and French, Andrew and Pridmore, Tony}
	doi = { http://dx.doi.org/10.5244/C.28.108 }
	url= {http://personal.ee.surrey.ac.uk/Personal/R.Bowden/publications/2014/Hadfield_BMVC_2014.pdf}
}


@incollection{Marter_ICPR_2014,
year={2015},
isbn={978-3-319-13736-0},
booktitle={Face and Facial Expression Recognition from Real World Videos},
volume={8912},
series={Lecture Notes in Computer Science},
editor={Ji, Qiang and B. Moeslund, Thomas and Hua, Gang and Nasrollahi, Kamal},
title={Friendly Faces: Weakly Supervised Character Identification},
doi={http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-13737-7_11},
publisher={Springer International Publishing},
author={Marter, Matthew and Hadfield, Simon and Bowden, Richard},
pages={121-132},
language={English},
url= {http://personal.ee.surrey.ac.uk/Personal/R.Bowden/publications/2014/Marter_ICPR_2014.pdf}
}


@article{Oshin_CVIU_2014,
title = "Capturing relative motion and finding modes for action recognition in the wild ",
journal = "Computer Vision and Image Understanding ",
volume = "125",
number = "0",
pages = "155 - 171",
year = "2014",
note = "",
issn = "1077-3142",
doi = "http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cviu.2014.04.005",
url={http://personal.ee.surrey.ac.uk/Personal/R.Bowden/publications/2014/Oshin_CVIU_2014pp.pdf},
author = "Olusegun Oshin and Andrew Gilbert and Richard Bowden",
keywords = "Action recognition",
keywords = "Relative motion descriptor",
keywords = "Mode Finding",
keywords = "Outlier Detection",
keywords = "\{RANSAC\} "
}


@INPROCEEDINGS{Ong_CVPR_2014, 
author={Ong, Eng-Jon and Pugeault, Nicolas and Bowden, Richard}, 
booktitle={Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR), 2014 IEEE Conference on}, 
title={Sign Spotting Using Hierarchical Sequential Patterns with Temporal Intervals}, 
year={2014}, 
month={June}, 
pages={1931-1938}, 
keywords={Assistive technology;Gesture recognition;Hidden Markov models;Indexes;Itemsets;Silicon;Videos;Machine Learning;Sequential Pattern Learning;Sign Recognition;Temporal Intervals}, 
doi={http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/CVPR.2014.248},
url={http://personal.ee.surrey.ac.uk/Personal/R.Bowden/publications/2014/Ong_CVPR_2014.pdf}
}


@article{Krejov_CGA_2014,
author = {Philip Krejov and Andrew Gilbert and Richard Bowden},
title = {A Multitouchless Interface: Expanding User Interaction},
journal ={IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications},
volume = {34},
number = {3},
issn = {0272-1716},
year = {2014},
pages = {40-48},
doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MCG.2014.44},
url={http://personal.ee.surrey.ac.uk/Personal/R.Bowden/publications/2014/CGA-Multitouchless.pdf}
publisher = {IEEE Computer Society},
address = {Los Alamitos, CA, USA},
}


@article{Hadfield_PAMI_2014,
author = {Simon Hadfield and Richard Bowden},
title = {Scene Particles: Unregularized Particle-Based Scene Flow Estimation},
journal ={IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence},
volume = {36},
number = {3},
issn = {0162-8828},
year = {2014},
pages = {564-576},
url={http://personal.ee.surrey.ac.uk/Personal/R.Bowden/publications/2014/Hadfield_PAMI_2014pp.pdf},
doi = {http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/TPAMI.2013.162},
publisher = {IEEE Computer Society},
address = {Los Alamitos, CA, USA},
}


@InProceedings {Koller_LREC_2014, 
author= {Koller, Oscar and Ney, Hermann and Bowden, Richard}, 
title= {Weakly Supervised Automatic Transcription of Mouthings for Gloss-Based Sign Language Corpora}, 
booktitle= {LREC Workshop on the Representation and Processing of Sign Languages: Beyond the Manual Channel}, 
year= 2014, 
pages= {98-94}, 
address= {Reykjavik, Iceland}, 
month= may, 
booktitlelink= {http://www.lrec-conf.org/proceedings/lrec2014/workshops/LREC2014Workshop-SignLanguage%20Proceedings.pdf}, 
pdf = {http://personal.ee.surrey.ac.uk/Personal/R.Bowden/publications/2014/Koller_LREC_2014.pdf} 
}





@inproceedings{Hadfield_CVPR_2013,
 author = {Hadfield, Simon and Bowden, Richard},
 title = {Hollywood 3D: Recognizing Actions in 3D Natural Scenes},
 booktitle = {Proceedings of the 2013 IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition},
 series = {CVPR '13},
 year = {2013},
 isbn = {978-0-7695-4989-7},
 pages = {3398--3405},
 numpages = {8},
 url={http://personal.ee.surrey.ac.uk/Personal/R.Bowden/publications/2013/SPIE_2013.pdf},
 doi = {10.1109/CVPR.2013.436},
 acmid = {2516031},
 publisher = {IEEE Computer Society},
 address = {Washington, DC, USA},
 keywords = {action recognition, 3d, actions, hollywood, depth, stereo, 3.5d, 4d, interest points},
}


@incollection{Holt_CVICG_2013,
year={2013},
isbn={978-3-642-38240-6},
booktitle={Computer Vision, Imaging and Computer Graphics. Theory and Application},
volume={359},
series={Communications in Computer and Information Science},
editor={Csurka, Gabriela and Kraus, Martin and Laramee, RobertS. and Richard, Paul and Braz, José},
doi={10.1007/978-3-642-38241-3_27},
title={Efficient Estimation of Human Upper Body Pose in Static Depth Images},
url={http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-38241-3_27},
publisher={Springer Berlin Heidelberg},
author={Holt, Brian and Bowden, Richard},
pages={399-410}
}


@inproceedings{Escalera_ChaLearn_2013,
 author = {Escalera, Sergio and Gonz\`{a}lez, Jordi and Bar\'{o}, Xavier and Reyes, Miguel and Guyon, Isabelle and Athitsos, Vassilis and Escalante, Hugo and Sigal, Leonid and Argyros, Antonis and Sminchisescu, Cristian and Bowden, Richard and Sclaroff, Stan},
 title = {ChaLearn Multi-modal Gesture Recognition 2013: Grand Challenge and Workshop Summary},
 booktitle = {Proceedings of the 15th ACM on International Conference on Multimodal Interaction},
 series = {ICMI '13},
 year = {2013},
 isbn = {978-1-4503-2129-7},
 location = {Sydney, Australia},
 pages = {365--368},
 numpages = {4},
 url = {http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/2522848.2532597},
 doi = {10.1145/2522848.2532597},
 acmid = {2532597},
 publisher = {ACM},
 address = {New York, NY, USA},
 keywords = {computer vision, gesture recognition, multi-modal data analysis},
}

 
@INPROCEEDINGS{Lebeda_VOT_2013, 
author={Lebeda, K. and Hadfield, S. and Matas, J. and Bowden, R.}, 
booktitle={Computer Vision Workshops (ICCVW), 2013 IEEE International Conference on}, 
title={Long-Term Tracking through Failure Cases}, 
year={2013}, 
pages={153-160}, 
keywords={edge detection;feature extraction;image sequences;image texture;object detection;object tracking;VOT Challenge dataset;drift resistance properties;edge-based features;failure cases;lighting;long term object tracking;nontextured objects;object disappearance;object redetection;occlusion;short-term sequences;tracked object texture;tracking sequences;two-module principle;visual tracking algorithm;Apertures;Image edge detection;Lighting;Robustness;Target tracking;Visualization;computer vision;edge;line correspondence;long-term tracking;low texture;visual tracking}, 
doi={10.1109/ICCVW.2013.26}, 
month={Dec},
url={http://personal.ee.surrey.ac.uk/Personal/R.Bowden/publications/2013/Lebeda_VOT_2013_ICCV_paper.pdf}
}


@INPROCEEDINGS{Kristan_VOT_2013, 
author={Kristan, M. and Pflugfelder, R. and Leonardis, A. and Matas, J. and Porikli, F. and Cehovin, L. and Nebehay, G. and Fernandez, G. and Vojir, T. and Gatt, A. and Khajenezhad, A. and Salahledin, A. and Soltani-Farani, A. and Zarezade, A. and Petrosino, A. and Milton, A. and Bozorgtabar, B. and Bo Li and Chee Seng Chan and Cherkeng Heng and Ward, D. and Kearney, D. and Monekosso, D. and Karaimer, H.C. and Rabiee, H.R. and Jianke Zhu and Jin Gao and Jingjing Xiao and Junge Zhang and Junliang Xing and Kaiqi Huang and Lebeda, K. and Lijun Cao and Maresca, M.E. and Mei Kuan Lim and El Helw, M. and Felsberg, M. and Remagnino, P. and Bowden, R. and Goecke, R. and Stolkin, R. and Lim, S.Y. and Maher, S. and Poullot, S. and Wong, S. and Satoh, S. and Weihua Chen and Weiming Hu and Xiaoqin Zhang and Yang Li and Zhiheng Niu}, 
booktitle={Computer Vision Workshops (ICCVW), 2013 IEEE International Conference on}, 
title={The Visual Object Tracking VOT2013 Challenge Results}, 
year={2013}, 
pages={98-111}, 
keywords={cameras;computer vision;image motion analysis;object tracking;ICCV2013;VOT2013 challenge;camera motion;evaluation protocol;illumination change;motion change;object appearance;occlusion;single-object visual trackers;size change;tracker benchmarking;tracking-related problems;visual attributes;visual object tracking;Accuracy;Australia;Educational institutions;Protocols;Target tracking;Visualization;VOT2013;Visual object tracking challenge}, 
doi={10.1109/ICCVW.2013.20}, 
month={Dec},}


@INPROCEEDINGS{Bowden_VIPIMAGE_2013,
author={Bowden, R.}, 
booktitle={Computational Vision and Medical Image Processing IV, VIPIMAGE 2013}, 
doi={10.1201/b15810-4},
title={ng and understanding people}, 
year={2013}, 
pages={9-15}, 
url={http://personal.ee.surrey.ac.uk/Personal/R.Bowden/publications/2013/Bowden_VIPIMAGE_2013pp.pdf}
}


@proceeding{SPIE_2013,
author = {Bowden, Richard and Cox, Stephen and Harvey, Richard and Lan, Yuxuan and Ong, Eng-Jon and Owen, Gari and Theobald, Barry-John},
title = {
Recent developments in automated lip-reading
},
journal = {Proc. SPIE},
volume = {8901},
number = {},
pages = {89010J-89010J-13},
abstract = {
Human lip-readers are increasingly being presented as useful in the gathering of forensic evidence but, like all humans, suffer from unreliability. Here we report the results of a long-term study in automatic lip-reading with the objective of converting video-to-text (V2T). The V2T problem is surprising in that some aspects that look tricky, such as real-time tracking of the lips on poor-quality interlaced video from hand-held cameras, but prove to be relatively tractable. Whereas the problem of speaker independent lip-reading is very demanding due to unpredictable variations between people. Here we review the problem of automatic lip-reading for crime fighting and identify the critical parts of the problem.
},
year = {2013},
doi = {10.1117/12.2029464},
url={http://personal.ee.surrey.ac.uk/Personal/R.Bowden/publications/2013/SPIE_2013.pdf}
eprint = {}
}


@INPROCEEDINGS{Sheerman-Chase_FG_2013,
 author={Sheerman-Chase, T. and Eng-Jon Ong and Bowden, R.}, 
 booktitle={Automatic Face and Gesture Recognition (FG), 2013 10th IEEE International Conference and Workshops on}, 
 title={Non-linear predictors for facial feature tracking across pose and expression}, 
 year={2013}, 
 pages={1-8}, 
 keywords={face recognition;feature extraction;gradient methods;image sequences;object tracking;pose estimation;regression analysis;trees (mathematics);displacement vector prediction;expression change sequence;expression variation;facial feature tracking;facial point tracking;gradient boosting;naturalistic conversation;nonlinear predictor;optimal tracking;pose expression;pose sequence;pose variation;pose-estimator;pose-specific model;regression trees;single tracking model;tracked feature point displacement esimation;Boosting;Facial features;Regression tree analysis;Robustness;Shape;Training;Vectors}, 
 doi={10.1109/FG.2013.6553763},
url={http://personal.ee.surrey.ac.uk/Personal/R.Bowden/publications/2013/Sheerman-Chase_FG20b.pdf}
}


@INPROCEEDINGSSheerman-Chase_FG_2013p2,
 author={Sheerman-Chase, T. and Eng-Jon Ong and Pugeault, N. and Bowden, R.}, 
 booktitle={Automatic Face and Gesture Recognition (FG), 2013 10th IEEE International Conference and Workshops on}, 
 title={Improving recognition and identification of facial areas involved in Non-Verbal Communication by feature selection}, 
 year={2013}, 
 month={April}, 
 pages={1-8}, 
 keywords={face recognition;object tracking;video signal processing;NVC signals;automatic system;brow lowering;face identification;face recognition;facial areas;facial deformations;feature selection method;geometric features;irrelevant information;meaningful non-verbal communication;nonverbal communication;recognition performance;redundant information;sequential backward elimination;video tracking}, 
http://dx.doi.org/ doi={10.1109/FG.2013.6553764},
url={http://personal.ee.surrey.ac.uk/Personal/R.Bowden/publications/2013/Sheerman-Chase_FG20a.pdf}
}



@INPROCEEDINGS{Holt_FG_2013, 
author={Holt, B. and Eng-Jon Ong and Bowden, R.}, 
booktitle={Automatic Face and Gesture Recognition (FG), 2013 10th IEEE International Conference and Workshops on}, 
title={Accurate static pose estimation combining direct regression and geodesic extrema}, 
year={2013}, 
pages={1-7}, 
keywords={differential geometry;image sequences;pose estimation;regression analysis;RGB-D pose sequences;direct regression;geodesic extrema;human pose estimation;static images;static pose estimation}, 
doi={10.1109/FG.2013.6553768},
url={http://personal.ee.surrey.ac.uk/Personal/R.Bowden/publications/2013/Holt_FG2013.pdf}
}


@INPROCEEDINGS{Koller_FG_2013, 
author={Koller, O. and Ney, H. and Bowden, R.}, 
booktitle={Automatic Face and Gesture Recognition (FG), 2013 10th IEEE International Conference and Workshops on}, 
title={May the force be with you: Force-aligned signwriting for automatic subunit annotation of corpora}, 
year={2013}, 
pages={1-6}, 
keywords={gesture recognition;iterative methods;automatic subunit annotation;automatic subunit sequences;data-driven approaches;force-aligned sign writing;iterative forced alignment algorithm;knowledge transfer;labour intensive manual subunit annotations;multisigner corpus;process automation;public TV;sign language corpora;sign language data;sign language recognition systems;signing variants;sufficient data;user intervention;user-edited open sign language dictionary;vocabulary;Assistive technology;Databases;Dictionaries;Gesture recognition;Hidden Markov models;Manuals;Vocabulary}, 
doi={10.1109/FG.2013.6553777},
url={http://personal.ee.surrey.ac.uk/Personal/R.Bowden/publications/2013/Koller_FG2013.pdf}
}


@INPROCEEDINGS{Krejov_FG_2013, 
 author={Krejov, P. and Bowden, R.}, 
 booktitle={Automatic Face and Gesture Recognition (FG), 2013 10th IEEE International Conference and Workshops on}, 
 title={Multi-touchless: Real-time fingertip detection and tracking using geodesic maxima}, 
 year={2013}, 
 pages={1-7}, 
 keywords={differential geometry;graph theory;object detection;real-time systems;Kinect;contour analysis;depth cameras;depth information;fingertip gestures;fingertip tracking;geodesic maxima;multiple users;multitouch screens users;multitouchless;real-time fingertip detection;sensor noise;three dimensional interaction;two dimensional plane;weighted graph;Cameras;Kalman filters;Real-time systems;Robustness;Shape;Wrist}, 
 doi={10.1109/FG.2013.6553778},
url={http://personal.ee.surrey.ac.uk/Personal/R.Bowden/publications/2013/Krejov_FG2013.pdf}
}



@inproceedings{Ellis_WORV_2013,
author={Ellis, L. and Pugeault, N. and Ofjall, K. and Hedborg, J. and Bowden, R. and Felsberg, M.}, 
booktitle={Robot Vision (WORV), 2013 IEEE Workshop on}, 
title={Autonomous navigation and sign detector learning}, 
year={2013}, 
pages={144-151}, 
keywords={control engineering computing;data mining;feature extraction;learning (artificial intelligence);path planning;regression analysis;robot vision;telerobotics;GIST feature;LfD framework;autonomous navigation;autonomous robotic system;computer vision;data mining algorithm;holistic image feature;learning-from-demonstration framework;machine learning;percept-action mining methodology;random forest regression;remote control car;sign detector learning;state-to-action mapping;visual entity discovery;visual entity navigation}, 
doi={10.1109/WORV.2013.6521929},
url={http://personal.ee.surrey.ac.uk/Personal/R.Bowden/publications/2013/Ellis_WoRV_2013.pdf}
}




@incollection{Gilbert_ACCV_2012,
year={2013},
isbn={978-3-642-37443-2},
booktitle={Computer Vision - ACCV 2012},
volume={7725},
series={Lecture Notes in Computer Science},
editor={Lee, KyoungMu and Matsushita, Yasuyuki and Rehg, JamesM. and Hu, Zhanyi},
doi={10.1007/978-3-642-37444-9_35},
title={A Picture Is Worth a Thousand Tags: Automatic Web Based Image Tag Expansion},
url={http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-37444-9_35},
publisher={Springer Berlin Heidelberg},
author={Gilbert, Andrew and Bowden, Richard},
pages={447-460}
url={http://personal.ee.surrey.ac.uk/Personal/R.Bowden/publications/2012/Gilbert_ACCV_2012.pdf}
}


@incollection{Lebeda-ACCVDTCE2012
year={2013},
isbn={978-3-642-37483-8},
booktitle={Computer Vision - ACCV 2012 Workshops},
volume={7729},
series={Lecture Notes in Computer Science},
editor={Park, Jong-Il and Kim, Junmo},
doi={10.1007/978-3-642-37484-5_29},
title={Tracking the Untrackable: How to Track When Your Object Is Featureless},
url={http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-37484-5_29},
publisher={Springer Berlin Heidelberg},
author    = {Lebeda, Karel and Matas, Ji{\v r}{\' \i} and Bowden, Richard},
pages={347-359}
url={http://personal.ee.surrey.ac.uk/Personal/R.Bowden/publications/2012/Lebeda-2012-FLOtrack-ACCV_DTCE.pdf}
}



@INPROCEEDINGS{ShaukatICPR2012, 
author={Shaukat, A. and Gilbert, A. and Windridge, D. and Bowden, R.}, 
booktitle={Pattern Recognition (ICPR), 2012 21st International Conference on}, 
title={Meeting in the Middle: A top-down and bottom-up approach to detect pedestrians}, 
year={Nov.}, 
pages={874-877}, 
ISSN={1051-4651},
isbn={978-1-4673-2216-4},
ee={http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/mostRecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6425799},
url={http://personal.ee.surrey.ac.uk/Personal/R.Bowden/publications/2012/Shaukat_ICPR_2012.pdf}
}



@INPROCEEDINGS{OngCVPR2012, 
author={Eng-Jon Ong and Cooper, H. and Pugeault, N. and Bowden, R.}, 
booktitle={Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR), 2012 IEEE Conference on}, title={Sign Language Recognition using Sequential Pattern Trees}, 
year={2012}, 
month={june}, 
volume={}, 
number={}, 
pages={2200 -2207}, 
keywords={Kinect;discriminative multiclass classifier;hand trajectories;nondiscriminative Markov model;sequential pattern trees;sign language recognition;sign level classifiers;Markov processes;gesture recognition;image classification;trees (mathematics);}, 
doi={10.1109/CVPR.2012.6247928}, 
ISSN={1063-6919},
url={http://personal.ee.surrey.ac.uk/Personal/R.Bowden/publications/2012/Ong_CVPR_2012.pdf}
}


@incollection {HadfieldICIAR2012,
   author = {Hadfield, Simon and Bowden, Richard},
   affiliation = {Centre for Vision Speech and Signal Processing, University of Surrey, Guildford, Surrey, UK GU2 7XH},
   title = {Go with the Flow: Hand Trajectories in 3D via Clustered Scene Flow},
   booktitle = {Image Analysis and Recognition},
   series = {Lecture Notes in Computer Science},
   editor = {Campilho, Aurélio and Kamel, Mohamed},
   publisher = {Springer Berlin / Heidelberg},
   isbn = {978-3-642-31294-6},
   keyword = {Computer Science},
   pages = {285-295},
   volume = {7324},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-31295-3_34},
   note = {10.1007/978-3-642-31295-3_34},
   year = {2012},
   url={http://personal.ee.surrey.ac.uk/Personal/R.Bowden/publications/2012/Hadfield_ICIAR_2012sp.pdf}
}


@inproceedings{Holt_VISAP_2012,
  author    = {Brian Holt and Richard Bowden},
  title     = {Static Pose Estimation from Depth Images using Random Regression
               Forests and Hough Voting},
  booktitle = {VISAPP 2012 - Proceedings of the International Conference
               on Computer Vision Theory and Applications, Volume 1, Rome,
               Italy, 24-26 February, 2012},
  year      = {2012},
  pages     = {557-564},
  url={http://personal.ee.surrey.ac.uk/Personal/R.Bowden/publications/2012/Holt_VISAPP_2012.pdf}
}


@inproceedings{Gupta_VISAP_2012,
  author    = {Ashish Gupta and
               Richard Bowden},
  title     = {Unity in Diversity: Discovering Topics from Words - Information
               Theoretic Co-clustering for Visual Categorization},
  booktitle = {VISAPP 2012 - Proceedings of the International Conference
               on Computer Vision Theory and Applications, Volume 1, Rome,
               Italy, 24-26 February, 2012},
  year      = {2012},
  pages     = {628-633},
  url={http://personal.ee.surrey.ac.uk/Personal/R.Bowden/publications/2012/Gupta_VISAPP_2012.pdf}
}



@ARTICLE{CooperJMLR2012,
  author = {Helen Cooper and Eng-Jon Ong and Nicolas Pugeault and Richard Bowden},
  title = {Sign Language Recognition using Sub-Units},
  journal = {Journal of Machine Learning Research},
  year = {2012},
  volume = {13},
  pages = {2205--2231},
  month = {Jul},
  abstract = {This paper discusses sign language recognition using linguistic sub-units.
	It presents three types of sub-units for consideration; those learnt
	from appearance data as well as those inferred from both 2D or 3D
	tracking data. These sub-units are then combined using a sign level
	classifier; here, two options are presented. The first uses Markov
	Models to encode the temporal changes between sub-units. The second
	makes use of Sequential Pattern Boosting to apply discriminative
	feature selection at the same time as encoding temporal information.
	This approach is more robust to noise and performs well in signer
	independent tests, improving results from the 54\% achieved by the
	Markov Chains to 76\%.},
  editor = {Isabelle Guyon and Vassilis Athitsos},
  keyword = {Sign Language Recognition},
  url = {http://jmlr.csail.mit.edu/papers/volume13/cooper12a/cooper12a.pdf}
}


@article {Merino2012AnnalsTele,
   author = {Merino, Luis and Gilbert, Andrew and Capitán, Jesús and Bowden, Richard and Illingworth, John and Ollero, Aníbal},
   affiliation = {School of Engineering, Pablo de Olavide University, 41013 Seville, Spain},
   title = {Data fusion in ubiquitous networked robot systems for urban services},
   journal = {Annals of Telecommunications},
   publisher = {Springer Paris},
   issn = {0003-4347},
   keyword = {Engineering},
   pages = {355-375},
   volume = {67},
   issue = {7},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12243-012-0311-1},
   note = {10.1007/s12243-012-0311-1},
   year = {2012},
   url={http://personal.ee.surrey.ac.uk/Personal/R.Bowden/publications/2012/merino_annals12.pdf}
}


@incollection {dictaWiki2012,
   author = {Efthimiou, Eleni and Fotinea, Stavroula-Evita and Hanke, Thomas and Glauert, John and Bowden, Richard and Braffort, Annelies and Collet, Christophe and Maragos, Petros and Lefebvre-Albaret, François},
   affiliation = {Institute for Language and Speech Processing/ATHENA RC, Athens, Greece},
   title = {The Dicta-Sign Wiki: Enabling Web Communication for the Deaf},
   booktitle = {Computers Helping People with Special Needs},
   series = {Lecture Notes in Computer Science},
   editor = {Miesenberger, Klaus and Karshmer, Arthur and Penaz, Petr and Zagler, Wolfgang},
   publisher = {Springer Berlin / Heidelberg},
   isbn = {978-3-642-31533-6},
   keyword = {Computer Science},
   pages = {205-212},
   volume = {7383},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-31534-3_32},
   note = {10.1007/978-3-642-31534-3_32},
   year = {2012},
   url={http://personal.ee.surrey.ac.uk/Personal/R.Bowden/publications/2012/Hadfield_ECCV2010WS_LNCS2012.pdf}
}


@proceeding{Bowden_SPIE_2012,
author = {Bowden, Richard and Cox, Stephen J. and Harvey, Richard W. and Lan, Yuxuan and Ong, Eng-Jon and Owen, Gari and Theobald, Barry-John},
title = {Is automated conversion of video to text a reality?},
journal = {Proc. SPIE},
volume = {8546},
number = {},
pages = {85460U-85460U-9},
abstract = {
A recent trend in law enforcement has been the use of Forensic lip-readers. Criminal activities are often recorded
on CCTV or other video gathering systems. Knowledge of what suspects are saying enriches the evidence gathered
but lip-readers, by their own admission, are fallible so, based on long term studies of automated lip-reading, we
are investigating the possibilities and limitations of applying this technique under realistic conditions. We have
adopted a step-by-step approach and are developing a capability when prior video information is available for the
suspect of interest. We use the terminology video-to-text (V2T) for this technique by analogy with speech-to-text
(S2T) which also has applications in security and law-enforcement.
},
year = {2012},
doi = { http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.979437},
url={http://personal.ee.surrey.ac.uk/Personal/R.Bowden/publications/2012/Bowden_Cox_SPIE_2012.pdf}
eprint = {}
}


@conference{Efthimiouetal_LREC_2012,
author = "Efthimiou, Eleni and Fotinea, Stavroula-Evita and Hanke, T. and Glauert, J. and Bowden, R. and Braffort, A. and Maragos, P. and Lefebvre-Albaret, F.",
abstract = "Here we present the outcomes of Dicta-Sign FP7-ICT project. Dicta-Sign researched ways to enable communication between Deaf individuals through the development of human-computer interfaces (HCI) for Deaf users, by means of Sign Language. It has researched and developed recognition and synthesis engines for sign languages (SLs) that have brought sign recognition and generation technologies significantly closer to authentic signing. In this context, Dicta-Sign has developed several technologies demonstrated via a sign language aware Web 2.0, combining work from the fields of sign language recognition, sign language animation via avatars and sign language resources and language models development, with the goal of allowing Deaf users to make, edit, and review avatar-based sign language contributions online, similar to the way people nowadays make text-based contributions on the Web.",
address = "Istanbul, Turkey",
booktitle = "Proc. of the 5th Workshop on the Representation and Processing of Sign Languages: Interactions between Corpus and Lexicon. Satellite Workshop to the eighth International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC-2012) ",
keywords = "Sign language technologies, multilingual sign language resources, sign language Web 2 applications, Deaf communication, human-computer interfaces for Deaf users ",
month = "27 May ",
pages = "37-44",
title = "{S}ign {L}anguage technologies and resources of the {D}icta-{S}ign project ",
year = "2012",
}


@incollection{HadfieldECCVWorkshop2010,
year={2012},
isbn={978-3-642-35748-0},
booktitle={Trends and Topics in Computer Vision},
volume={6553},
series={Lecture Notes in Computer Science},
editor={Kutulakos, KiriakosN.},
doi={10.1007/978-3-642-35749-7_24},
title={Generalised Pose Estimation Using Depth},
url={http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-35749-7_24},
publisher={Springer Berlin Heidelberg},
keywords={pose; depth; stereo; head; hand; classification; particle filter; gesture; lbp; rdf; background suppression; object extraction; segmentation},
author={Hadfield, Simon and Bowden, Richard},
pages={312-325},
url={http://personal.ee.surrey.ac.uk/Personal/R.Bowden/publications/2012/Hadfield_ECCV2010WS_LNCS2012.pdf}
}


@inproceedings{Gupta_ICIP_2012,
        author={Gupta, Ashish and Bowden, Richard}, 
booktitle={Image Processing (ICIP), 2012 19th IEEE International Conference on}, title={Fuzzy encoding for image classification using Gustafson-Kessel algorithm}, 
year={30 2012-Oct. 3}, 
pages={3137-3140}, 
keywords={Fuzzy Clustering;Gustafson-Kessel algorithm;Image Classification}, 
doi={10.1109/ICIP.2012.6467565}, 
ISSN={1522-4880},
url={http://personal.ee.surrey.ac.uk/Personal/R.Bowden/publications/2012/Gupta_ICIP_2012.pdf}
}




@article{OngPAMI2011,
author = {Eng-Jon Ong and Richard Bowden},
title = {Robust Facial Feature Tracking Using Shape-Constrained Multiresolution-Selected Linear Predictors},
journal ={IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence},
volume = {33},
issn = {0162-8828},
year = {2011},
pages = {1844-1859},
doi = {http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/TPAMI.2010.205},
publisher = {IEEE Computer Society},
address = {Los Alamitos, CA, USA},
url={http://personal.ee.surrey.ac.uk/Personal/R.Bowden/publications/2011/PAMI/ongPAMIprePrint.pdf}
}


@article{GilbertPAMI2011,
author = {Andrew Gilbert and John Illingworth and Richard Bowden},
title = {Action Recognition Using Mined Hierarchical Compound Features},
journal ={IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence},
volume = {33},
issn = {0162-8828},
year = {2011},
pages = {883-897},
doi = {http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/TPAMI.2010.144},
publisher = {IEEE Computer Society},
address = {Los Alamitos, CA, USA},
url={http://personal.ee.surrey.ac.uk/Personal/R.Bowden/publications/2010/PAMI2010/PAMIActRec_pre_print.pdf}
}


@article{Okwechime2011IEEEMM, 
title={MIMiC: Multimodal Interactive Motion Controller}, 
volume={13}, 
url={http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpls/abs_all.jsp?arnumber=5654653},
number={2}, 
journal={IEEE Transactions on Multimedia}, 
publisher={IEEE}, 
author={Okwechime, Dumebi and Ong, Eng-Jon and Bowden, Richard and Member, Senior}, 
year={2011}, 
pages={255--265},
url={http://personal.ee.surrey.ac.uk/Personal/R.Bowden/publications/2011/TMM/OkwechimeTMMprePrint.pdf}
}


@article {Ellis2011IJCV,
   author = {Ellis, Liam and Dowson, Nicholas and Matas, Jiri and Bowden, Richard},
   title = {Linear Regression and Adaptive Appearance Models for Fast Simultaneous Modelling and Tracking},
   journal = {International Journal of Computer Vision},
   publisher = {Springer Netherlands},
   issn = {0920-5691},
   keyword = {Computer Science},
   pages = {154-179},
   volume = {95},
   issue = {2},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11263-010-0364-4},
   note = {10.1007/s11263-010-0364-4},
   year = {2011},
   url={http://personal.ee.surrey.ac.uk/Personal/R.Bowden/publications/2010/ijcv2010/ellis_IJCV_2010.pdf}
}


@article{Moore2011CVIU,
title = "Local binary patterns for multi-view facial expression recognition",
journal = "Computer Vision and Image Understanding",
volume = "115",
number = "4",
pages = "541 - 558",
year = "2011",
note = "",
issn = "1077-3142",
doi = "DOI: 10.1016/j.cviu.2010.12.001",
url = "http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6WCX-51WN91W-1/2/0deec95aeae6ecba33c1bc6e551d7402",
author = "S. Moore and R. Bowden",
keywords = "Facial expression recognition",
keywords = "Multi-view facial expression recognition",
keywords = "Head pose estimation",
keywords = "Local binary patterns",
keywords = "Local gabor binary patterns",
url={http://personal.ee.surrey.ac.uk/Personal/R.Bowden/publications/2011/CVIU/mooreCVIU2011.pdf}
}


@inproceedings{Gilbert2011ICCV}
author={Gilbert, A. and Bowden, R.}, 
booktitle={Computer Vision (ICCV), 2011 IEEE International Conference on}, 
title={iGroup: Weakly supervised image and video grouping}, 
year={Nov.}, 
pages={2166-2173}, 
keywords={data mining;image classification;iterative methods;pattern clustering;text analysis;video signal processing;APriori;YouTube video dataset;bag-of-words architecture;data mining tool;iGroup;image clustering;image signature;iterative algorithm;min-hash;nearest neighbour classification;text analysis;video clustering;video grouping;weakly supervised image;Accuracy;Association rules;Histograms;Training;Visualization;YouTube}, 
doi={10.1109/ICCV.2011.6126493}, 
ISSN={1550-5499},
url={http://personal.ee.surrey.ac.uk/Personal/R.Bowden/publications/2011/ICCV/Gilbert_ICCV11_Paper.pdf}
}



@inproceedings{Hadfield2011ICCV}
author={Hadfield, S. and Bowden, R.}, 
booktitle={Computer Vision (ICCV), 2011 IEEE International Conference on}, title={Kinecting the dots: Particle based scene flow from depth sensors}, 
year={Nov.}, 
pages={2290-2295}, 
keywords={feature extraction;image classification;image motion analysis;image segmentation;image sensors;image sequences;particle filtering (numerical methods);3D motion field;action recognition;depth sensor;monocular appearance images;multiview point rigs;object segmentation;optical flow;particle based scene flow;particle filter;scene flow estimation;Cameras;Estimation;Optical imaging;Optical sensors;Three dimensional displays;Vectors}, 
doi={10.1109/ICCV.2011.6126509}, 
ISSN={1550-5499},
url=http://personal.ee.surrey.ac.uk/Personal/R.Bowden/publications/2011/ICCV/Hadfield_ICCV11.pdf}
}



@inproceedings{Gilbert2011BMVC,
      title = {Push and Pull: Iterative grouping of media}
      author = {Andrew Gilbert and  Richard Bowden}
      year={2011}
      pages={66.1--66.12}
      booktitle={Proceedings of the British Machine Vision Conference}
      publisher={BMVA Press}
      editors={Hoey, Jesse and McKenna, Stephen and Trucco, Emanuele}
      isbn={1-901725-43-X}
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.5244/C.25.66},
	url={http://personal.ee.surrey.ac.uk/Personal/R.Bowden/publications/2011/BMVC/Gilbert_paper66.pdf}
}


@inproceedings{Ong2011BMVC,
      title = {Learning Sequential Patterns for Lipreading}
      author = {Eng-Jon Ong and  Richard Bowden}
      year={2011}
      pages={55.1--55.10}
      booktitle={Proceedings of the British Machine Vision Conference}
      publisher={BMVA Press}
      editors={Hoey, Jesse and McKenna, Stephen and Trucco, Emanuele}
      isbn={1-901725-43-X}
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.5244/C.25.55},
	  url={http://personal.ee.surrey.ac.uk/Personal/R.Bowden/publications/2011/BMVC/Ong_paper55.pdf}
}


@inproceedings{Gupta2011EUSIPCO,
  author = {Ashish Gupta and Richard Bowden},
  title = {Evaluating Dimensionality Reduction Techniques for Visual Category Recognition using Renyi Entropy},
  booktitle = {In Proc. of the 19th European Signal Processing Conference},
  location = {Barcelona, Spain},
  numpages = {5},
  year = {2011},
  month = {Sept.},
  publisher = {EURASIP},
  issn = {2076-1465},
  pages = {913--917},
  url={http://personal.ee.surrey.ac.uk/Personal/R.Bowden/publications/2011/EUSIPCO/Gupta_1569427141.pdf}
}


@incollection {Cooper2011bookChapter,
   author = {Cooper, Helen and Holt, Brian and Bowden, Richard},
   affiliation = {University of Surrey, Guildford, GU2 7XH UK},
   title = {Sign Language Recognition},
   booktitle = {Visual Analysis of Humans},
   editor = {Moeslund, Thomas B. and Hilton, Adrian and Krüger, Volker and Sigal, Leonid},
   publisher = {Springer London},
   isbn = {978-0-85729-997-0},
   keyword = {Computer Science},
   pages = {539-562},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-0-85729-997-0_27},
   doi = {10.1007/978-0-85729-997-0_27},
   year = {2011},
   url={http://personal.ee.surrey.ac.uk/Personal/R.Bowden/publications/2011/SLR-LAP/SLR-LAP.pdf}
}


@inproceedings{Okwechime2011FG,
      title = {Visualisation and prediction of conversation interest through mined social signals}
      author = {Dumebi Okwechime and Eng-Jon Ong and Andrew Gilbert and Richard Richard Bowden}
      year={2011}
      pages={951--956}
      booktitle={IEEE International Conference on Automatic Face & Gesture Recognition and Workshops (FG 2011)}
      publisher={IEEE}
      isbn={978-1-4244-9140-7}
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/FG.2011.5771380},
	  url={http://personal.ee.surrey.ac.uk/Personal/R.Bowden/publications/2011/SBA-FG/OkwechimeSBA2010-FGWS.pdf}
}


@incollection {Oshin2011IbPRIA,
   author = {Oshin, Olusegun and Gilbert, Andrew and Bowden, Richard},
   affiliation = {Centre for Vision, Speech and Signal Processing, University of Surrey, Guildford, Surrey, United Kingdom GU2 7XH},
   title = {There Is More Than One Way to Get Out of a Car: Automatic Mode Finding for Action Recognition in the Wild},
   booktitle = {Pattern Recognition and Image Analysis},
   series = {Lecture Notes in Computer Science},
   editor = {Vitrià, Jordi and Sanches, João and Hernández, Mario},
   publisher = {Springer Berlin / Heidelberg},
   isbn = {978-3-642-21256-7},
   keyword = {Computer Science},
   pages = {41--48},
   volume = {6669},
   url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-21257-4_6},
   note = {10.1007/978-3-642-21257-4_6},
   year = {2011},
   url={http://personal.ee.surrey.ac.uk/Personal/R.Bowden/publications/2011/IbPRIA/Segun_IBRIA.pdf}
}


@inproceedings{Oshin2011FG,
  author    = {Olusegun Oshin and
               Andrew Gilbert and
               Richard Bowden},
  title     = {Capturing the relative distribution of features for action recognition},
  booktitle = {IEEE International Conference on Automatic Face & Gesture Recognition and Workshops (FG 2011)},
  year      = {2011},
  pages     = {111-116},
  doi        = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/FG.2011.5771382},
  url={http://personal.ee.surrey.ac.uk/Personal/R.Bowden/publications/2011/FG/SegunFG2011.pdf}
}


@INPROCEEDINGS{Cooper_ARTEMIS_2011, 
author={Cooper, H. and Pugeault, N. and Bowden, R.}, 
booktitle={Computer Vision Workshops (ICCV Workshops), 2011 IEEE International Conference on}, title={Reading the signs: A video based sign dictionary}, 
year={Nov.}, 
pages={914-919}, 
keywords={Markov processes;dictionaries;image classification;query processing;video signal processing;Markov model;linguistics concept;sign classifier;sign feature;sign language;sign level recognition;user query;video based sign dictionary;visual sign recognition;Dictionaries;Handicapped aids;Hidden Markov models;Markov processes;Pragmatics;Shape;Vectors}, 
doi={10.1109/ICCVW.2011.6130349},
url={http://personal.ee.surrey.ac.uk/Personal/R.Bowden/publications/2011/ICCV/WS/sign_dict_CRC.pdf}
}


@INPROCEEDINGS{Ong_ARTEMIS_2011, 
author={Eng-Jon Ong and Bowden, R.}, 
booktitle={Computer Vision Workshops (ICCV Workshops), 2011 IEEE International Conference on}, title={Learning temporal signatures for Lip Reading}, 
year={Nov.}, 
pages={958-965}, 
keywords={computational complexity;face recognition;gesture recognition;gradient methods;image classification;image sequences;learning (artificial intelligence);AdaBoost algorithm;O(nD) complexity;gradient-descent based method;lip reading;multiclass recognition;spatio-temporal information;static feature vector dimensionality;temporal signature learning;visual sequence classifier}, 
doi={10.1109/ICCVW.2011.6130355},
url={http://personal.ee.surrey.ac.uk/Personal/R.Bowden/publications/2011/ICCV/WS/Ong_ARTIMIS_2011.pdf}
}


@INPROCEEDINGS{Holt_CDCCV_2011, 
author={Holt, B. and Eng-Jon Ong and Cooper, H. and Bowden, R.}, 
booktitle={Computer Vision Workshops (ICCV Workshops), 2011 IEEE International Conference on}, title={Putting the pieces together: Connected Poselets for human pose estimation}, 
year={Nov.}, 
pages={1196-1201}, 
keywords={decision trees;image classification;pose estimation;connected poselets;example-based estimation;human pose estimation;part-based estimation;poselet activation identification;poselet detection;random decision forest;static pose estimation;Estimation;Graphical models;Humans;Resource description framework;Torso;Training;Training data}, 
doi={10.1109/ICCVW.2011.6130386},
url={http://personal.ee.surrey.ac.uk/Personal/R.Bowden/publications/2011/ICCV/WS/Holt2011Putting.pdf}
}


@INPROCEEDINGS{Pugeault_CDCCV_2011, 
author={Pugeault, N. and Bowden, R.}, 
booktitle={Computer Vision Workshops (ICCV Workshops), 2011 IEEE International Conference on}, title={Spelling it out: Real-time ASL fingerspelling recognition}, 
year={Nov.}, 
pages={1114-1119}, 
keywords={gesture recognition;graphical user interfaces;image classification;natural languages;object detection;object tracking;real-time systems;shape recognition;ASL finger-spelling;American sign language;English dictionary;Microsoft Kinect device;OpenNI-NITE framework;depth images;hand detection;hand tracking;image classification;interactive hand shape recognition user interface;random forests;real-time ASL fingerspelling recognition;Feature extraction;Handicapped aids;Real time systems;Shape;User interfaces;Vectors;Vegetation}, 
doi={10.1109/ICCVW.2011.6130290},
url={http://personal.ee.surrey.ac.uk/Personal/R.Bowden/publications/2011/ICCV/WS/PugeaultBowden2011b.pdf}
}


@INPROCEEDINGS{Pugeault_CORP_2011, 
author={Pugeault, N. and Bowden, R.}, 
booktitle={Computer Vision Workshops (ICCV Workshops), 2011 IEEE International Conference on}, title={Driving me around the bend: Learning to drive from visual gist}, 
year={Nov.}, 
pages={1022-1029}, 
keywords={feature extraction;regression analysis;road traffic;traffic engineering computing;Channel-GIST visual descriptor;Medoid;Pyramidal-HOG visual descriptor;histogram-of-gradients;human behaviour prediction;human driver;random forest regression;road following behaviour;robot control;steering learning behavior;visual feature;visual gist;Regression tree analysis;Roads;Training;Vectors;Vegetation;Vehicles;Visualization}, 
doi={10.1109/ICCVW.2011.6130363},
url={http://personal.ee.surrey.ac.uk/Personal/R.Bowden/publications/2011/ICCV/WS/PugeaultBowden2011a.pdf}
}


@INPROCEEDINGS{Sheerman-Chase_HICV_2011, 
author={Sheerman-Chase, T. and Eng-Jon Ong and Bowden, R.}, 
booktitle={Computer Vision Workshops (ICCV Workshops), 2011 IEEE International Conference on}, title={Cultural factors in the regression of non-verbal communication perception}, 
year={Nov.}, 
pages={1242-1249}, 
keywords={cultural aspects;user interfaces;Internet crowdsourcing;LILiR TwoTalk corpus;automatic system;cultural differences;cultural factors;dyadic conversations;human communication;linear predictor tracking;nonverbal communication perception;user centric user interfaces}, 
doi={10.1109/ICCVW.2011.6130393},
url={http://personal.ee.surrey.ac.uk/Personal/R.Bowden/publications/2011/ICCV/WS/SheermanChase-HICV-2011.pdf}
}


@incollection{Elliott_SLTAT_2012,
year={2012},
isbn={978-3-642-31533-6},
booktitle={Computers Helping People with Special Needs},
volume={7383},
series={Lecture Notes in Computer Science},
editor={Miesenberger, Klaus and Karshmer, Arthur and Penaz, Petr and Zagler, Wolfgang},
doi={10.1007/978-3-642-31534-3_32},
title={The Dicta-Sign Wiki: Enabling Web Communication for the Deaf},
publisher={Springer Berlin Heidelberg},
keywords={Sign language technologies; sign-Wiki; multilingual sign language resources; Deaf communication; Deaf user-centred HCI},
author={Efthimiou, Eleni and Fotinea, Stavroula-Evita and Hanke, Thomas and Glauert, John and Bowden, Richard and Braffort, Annelies and Collet, Christophe and Maragos, Petros and Lefebvre-Albaret, François},
pages={205-212},
url={http://personal.ee.surrey.ac.uk/Personal/R.Bowden/publications/2011/SLTAT/ElliottSLTAT2012.pdf}
}




@inproceedings{EllisACCV2010,
year={2011},
isbn={978-3-642-19281-4},
booktitle={Proceedings of the 10th Asian conference on Computer vision - Volume Part IV},
volume={6495},
series={Lecture Notes in Computer Science},
editor={Kimmel, Ron and Klette, Reinhard and Sugimoto, Akihiro},
doi={10.1007/978-3-642-19282-1_42},
title={Affordance Mining: Forming Perception through Action},
publisher={Springer Berlin Heidelberg},
author={Ellis, Liam and Felsberg, Michael and Bowden, Richard},
pages={525-538},
url={http://personal.ee.surrey.ac.uk/Personal/R.Bowden/publications/2010/ACCV/EllisACCV2010.pdf},
url={http://personal.ee.surrey.ac.uk/Personal/R.Bowden/publications/2010/ACCV/EllisACCV10pp2620-2633.pdf},
}



@inproceedings{OkwechimeACCV2010,
year={2011},
isbn={978-3-642-19314-9},
booktitle={Proceedings of the 10th Asian conference on Computer vision - Volume Part I}
volume={6492},
series={Lecture Notes in Computer Science},
editor={Kimmel, Ron and Klette, Reinhard and Sugimoto, Akihiro},
doi={10.1007/978-3-642-19315-6_20},
title={Social Interactive Human Video Synthesis},
publisher={Springer Berlin Heidelberg},
author={Okwechime, Dumebi and Ong, Eng-Jon and Gilbert, Andrew and Bowden, Richard},
pages={256-270},
url={http://personal.ee.surrey.ac.uk/Personal/R.Bowden/publications/2010/ACCV/OkwechimeACCV10.pdf},
url={http://personal.ee.surrey.ac.uk/Personal/R.Bowden/publications/2010/ACCV/OkwechimeACCV10pp253-266.pdf},
}


@inproceedings{HadfieldECCVws2010,
year={2012},
isbn={978-3-642-35748-0},
booktitle={Trends and Topics in Computer Vision},
volume={6553},
series={Lecture Notes in Computer Science},
editor={Kutulakos, KiriakosN.},
doi={10.1007/978-3-642-35749-7_24},
title={Generalised Pose Estimation Using Depth},
publisher={Springer Berlin Heidelberg},
keywords={pose; depth; stereo; head; hand; classification; particle filter; gesture; lbp; rdf; background suppression; object extraction; segmentation},
author={Hadfield, Simon and Bowden, Richard},
pages={312-325},
url={http://personal.ee.surrey.ac.uk/Personal/R.Bowden/publications/2010/ECCV/HadfieldSGA.pdf},
url={http://personal.ee.surrey.ac.uk/Personal/R.Bowden/publications/2010/ECCV/HadfieldSGApreprint.pdf},
}


@inproceedings{PugeaultECCV2010,
year={2010},
isbn={978-3-642-15566-6},
booktitle={Computer Vision – ECCV 2010},
volume={6316},
series={Lecture Notes in Computer Science},
editor={Daniilidis, Kostas and Maragos, Petros and Paragios, Nikos},
doi={10.1007/978-3-642-15567-3_12},
title={Learning Pre-attentive Driving Behaviour from Holistic Visual Features},
publisher={Springer Berlin Heidelberg},
author={Pugeault, Nicolas and Bowden, Richard},
pages={154-167},
url={http://personal.ee.surrey.ac.uk/Personal/R.Bowden/publications/2010/ECCV/PugeaultECCV2010pp154-167.pdf}
}


@Article{SanfeliuSensors2010,
AUTHOR = {Sanfeliu, Alberto and Andrade-Cetto, Juan and Barbosa, Marco and Bowden, Richard and Capitán, Jesús and Corominas, Andreu and Gilbert, Andrew and Illingworth, John and Merino, Luis and Mirats, Josep M. and Moreno, Plínio and Ollero, Aníbal and Sequeira, João and Spaan, Matthijs T. J.},
TITLE = {Decentralized Sensor Fusion for Ubiquitous Networking Robotics in Urban Areas},
JOURNAL = {Sensors},
VOLUME = {10},
YEAR = {2010},
NUMBER = {3},
PAGES = {2274--2314},
URL = {http://personal.ee.surrey.ac.uk/Personal/R.Bowden/publications/2010/Sensors/sanfeliu2010sensors.pdf},
ISSN = {1424-8220},
DOI = {10.3390/s100302274}
}


@incollection{OshinMLHMA2010,
AUTHOR = {Oshin, Olesegun and Gilbert, Andrew and Illingworth, John and Bowden, Richard},
TITLE = {Learning to Recognise Spatio-Temporal Interest Points},
booktitle = {Machine Learning for Human Motion Analysis: Theory and Practice},
editor= {Wang, Liang and Cheng, Li and Zhao, Guoying},
YEAR = {2010},
PAGES = {14--30},
URL = {http://www.igi-global.com/bookstore/chapter.aspx?TitleId=39336},
published= {IGI Publishing},
DOI = {10.4018/978-1-60566-900-7.ch002}
}


@inproceedings{cooperLREC2010,
  author    = {Helen Cooper and Richard Bowden},
  title     = {Sign Language Recognition using Linguistically Derived Sub-Units},
  booktitle = {4th Workshop on the Representation and Processing of Sign Languages: Corpora and Sign Language Technologies, LREC2010},
  year      = {2010},
  pages     = {57--61},
  URL = {http://personal.ee.surrey.ac.uk/Personal/R.Bowden/publications/2010/LREC/SLR-LinguisticallyDerivedSubUnits.pdf},
}


@inproceedings{cooperLREC2010,
  author    = {Helen Cooper and Richard Bowden},
  title     = {DICTA-SIGN: Sign Language Recognition, Generation and Modelling with application in Deaf Communication},
  booktitle = {4th Workshop on the Representation and Processing of Sign Languages: Corpora and Sign Language Technologies, LREC2010},
  year      = {2010},
  pages     = {80--84},
  URL = {http://personal.ee.surrey.ac.uk/Personal/R.Bowden/publications/2010/LREC/DictaSignLREC2010.pdf},
}


@incollection {MooreICIAR2010,
   author = {Moore, Stephen and Jon Ong, Eng and Bowden, Richard},
   affiliation = {University of Surrey Centre for Vision Speech and Signal Processing Guildford GU2 7JW UK},
   title = {Facial Expression Recognition Using Spatiotemporal Boosted Discriminatory Classifiers},
   booktitle = {Image Analysis and Recognition},
   series = {Lecture Notes in Computer Science},
   editor = {Campilho, Aurélio and Kamel, Mohamed},
   publisher = {Springer Berlin / Heidelberg},
   isbn = {},
   pages = {405-414},
   volume = {6111},
   doi =  {10.1007/978-3-642-13772-3_41},
   URL = {http://personal.ee.surrey.ac.uk/Personal/R.Bowden/publications/2010/ICIAR/MooreICIAR2010.pdf},
   year = {2010}
}





@INPROCEEDINGS{GilbertICCV2009, 
author={Gilbert, A. and Illingworth, J. and Bowden, R.}, 
booktitle={Computer Vision, 2009 IEEE 12th International Conference on}, 
title={Fast realistic multi-action recognition using mined dense spatio-temporal features}, 
year={2009}, 
pages={925-931}, 
keywords={data mining;image recognition;very large databases;Hollywood dataset;background clutter;camera motion;class classification;class separability;data mining;fast realistic multi-action recognition;human appearance variations;large data sets;mined dense spatio-temporal features;multi-KTH dataset;very dense corner features;Cameras;Data mining;Detectors;Fires;Humans;Image motion analysis;Motion pictures;Object recognition;Optical films;Testing}, 
doi={10.1109/ICCV.2009.5459335}, 
url={http://personal.ee.surrey.ac.uk/Personal/R.Bowden/publications/ICCV09/iccv2009_119.pdf}
ISSN={1550-5499}
}


@INPROCEEDINGS{OngICCV2009, 
author={Eng-Jon Ong and Yuxuan Lan and Theobald, Barry and Harvey, R. and Bowden, R.}, 
booktitle={Computer Vision, 2009 IEEE 12th International Conference on}, 
title={Robust facial feature tracking using selected multi-resolution linear predictors}, 
year={2009}, 
pages={1483-1490}, 
keywords={Active appearance model;Active contours;Active shape model;Facial features;Lips;Markov random fields;Robustness;Tracking;Training data;Vectors}, 
doi={10.1109/ICCV.2009.5459283}, 
ISSN={1550-5499},
url={http://personal.ee.surrey.ac.uk/Personal/R.Bowden/publications/ICCV09/iccv2009_191.pdf}
}


@article{OngIVCJ2009,
title = "Problem solving through imitation ",
journal = "Image and Vision Computing ",
volume = "27",
number = "11",
pages = "1715 - 1728",
year = "2009",
note = "Cognitive Systems: Perception, Action, Learning ",
issn = "0262-8856",
doi = "http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.imavis.2009.04.016",
url = "http://personal.ee.surrey.ac.uk/Personal/R.Bowden/publications/2009/OngIVC_2009.pdf",
url = "http://personal.ee.surrey.ac.uk/Personal/R.Bowden/publications/2009/OngIVC_2009pp.pdf",
author = "Eng-Jon Ong and Liam Ellis and Richard Bowden",
keywords = "Cognitive system",
keywords = "Complexity Chain",
keywords = "Learning from imitation",
keywords = "Problem solving "
}


@INPROCEEDINGS{CooperCVPR09, 
author={Cooper, H. and Bowden, R.}, 
booktitle={Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, 2009. CVPR 2009. IEEE Conference on}, 
title={Learning signs from subtitles: A weakly supervised approach to sign language recognition}, 
year={2009}, 
pages={2568-2574}, 
keywords={data mining;face recognition;gesture recognition;unsupervised learning;contextual negative selection method;data mining;hand tracking;head tracking;standard news broadcast segment;subtitle recognition;temporal domain;unsupervised sign language recognition;Broadcasting;Data mining;Face recognition;Handicapped aids;Head;Labeling;Multimedia communication;Natural languages;Shape;Vocabulary}, 
doi={10.1109/CVPR.2009.5206647}, 
ISSN={1063-6919},
url = "http://personal.ee.surrey.ac.uk/Personal/R.Bowden/publications/cvpr2009/1512.pdf"
}


@INPROCEEDINGS{GilbertVS2009, 
author={Gilbert, A. and Illingworth, J. and Bowden, R. and Capitan, J. and Merino, L.}, 
booktitle={Computer Vision Workshops (ICCV Workshops), 2009 IEEE 12th International Conference on}, 
title={Accurate fusion of robot, camera and wireless sensors for surveillance applications}, 
year={2009}, 
pages={1290-1297}, 
keywords={image sensors;laser ranging;object detection;robot vision;sensor fusion;surveillance;wireless sensor networks;camera;data fusion algorithm;illumination;laser rangefinder sensors;mobile devices;objects tracking;robot fusion;surveillance applications;wireless sensors;Cameras;Humans;Monitoring;Robot kinematics;Robot sensing systems;Robot vision systems;Sensor fusion;Sensor systems;Surveillance;Wireless sensor networks}, 
doi={10.1109/ICCVW.2009.5457462},
url = "http://personal.ee.surrey.ac.uk/Personal/R.Bowden/publications/ICCV09/GilbertMerinoVS2009.pdf"
}



@incollection {DictaSignLREC2009,
   author = {Efthimiou, Eleni and Fotinea, Stavroula-Evita and Vogler, Christian and Hanke, Thomas and Glauert, John and Bowden, Richard and Braffort, Annelies and Collet, Christophe and Maragos, Petros and Segouat, Jérémie},
   affiliation = {Institute for Language and Speech Processing},
   title = {Sign Language Recognition, Generation, and Modelling: A Research Effort with Applications in Deaf Communication},
   booktitle = {Universal Access in Human-Computer Interaction. Addressing Diversity},
   series = {Lecture Notes in Computer Science},
   editor = {Stephanidis, Constantine},
   publisher = {Springer Berlin / Heidelberg},
   isbn = {},
   pages = {21-30},
   volume = {5614},
   doi= {10.1007/978-3-642-02707-9_3},
   note = {10.1007/978-3-642-02707-9_3},
   year = {2009},
   url = "http://personal.ee.surrey.ac.uk/Personal/R.Bowden/publications/2009/EfthimiouLREC2009.pdf"
}



@incollection{CooperHCI09,
year={2009},
isbn={978-3-642-02712-3},
booktitle={Universal Access in Human-Computer Interaction. Applications and Services},
volume={5616},
series={Lecture Notes in Computer Science},
editor={Stephanidis, Constantine},
doi={10.1007/978-3-642-02713-0_50},
title={Sign Language Recognition: Working with Limited Corpora},
url={http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-02713-0_50},
publisher={Springer Berlin Heidelberg},
keywords={Sign Language Recognition; Volumetric Features; Weakly Supervised Learning; Data Mining},
author={Cooper, Helen and Bowden, Richard},
pages={472-481},
url = "http://personal.ee.surrey.ac.uk/Personal/R.Bowden/publications/2009/CooperHCI09.pdf"
}



@INPROCEEDINGS{OkwechimeICCVWS09, 
author={Okwechime, D. and Eng-Jon Ong and Bowden, R.}, 
booktitle={Computer Vision Workshops (ICCV Workshops), 2009 IEEE 12th International Conference on}, 
title={Real-time motion control using pose space probability density estimation}, 
year={2009}, 
pages={2056-2063}, 
keywords={cepstral analysis;human computer interaction;image motion analysis;image representation;image sequences;pattern clustering;pose estimation;probability;real-time systems;speech processing;video signal processing;2D point representation;HCI;MFCC;conditional probability;distance metric;input speech signal;k-mediod clustering algorithm;lower dimension space;motion controller;motion generation;multivariate probability distribution;pose space probability density estimation;prerecorded video clips;real-time motion control;speech mel-frequency ceptral coefficients;vectorised images;video frames;video sequence;Animation;Clustering algorithms;Human computer interaction;Industrial control;Motion control;Motion estimation;Motion pictures;Probability distribution;Speech;Video sequences}, 
doi={10.1109/ICCVW.2009.5457534},
url = "http://personal.ee.surrey.ac.uk/Personal/R.Bowden/publications/ICCV09/iccv09_dumebi_CRC.pdf"
}


@INPROCEEDINGS{MooreBMVC09, 
author={Moore, S. and Bowden, R.}, 
booktitle={In Proc. British Machine Vision Conference BMVC'09}, 
title={The Effects of Pose On Facial Expression Recognition}, 
year={2009}, 
pages={1-11}, 
doi={doi:10.5244/C.23.79},
url = "http://personal.ee.surrey.ac.uk/Personal/R.Bowden/publications/ICCV09/BMVC09_Paper302.pdf"
}


@INPROCEEDINGS{Sheerman-ChaseICCV2009, 
author={Sheerman-Chase, T. and Eng-Jon Ong and Bowden, R.}, 
booktitle={Computer Vision Workshops (ICCV Workshops), 2009 IEEE 12th International Conference on}, 
title={Online learning of robust facial feature trackers}, 
year={2009}, 
pages={1386-1392}, 
keywords={face recognition;learning (artificial intelligence);pose estimation;tracking;Levenberg-Marquardt pose estimation;RANSAC;facial feature estimation technique;facial feature trackers;feature tracking;head pose estimation technique;online learning;random sample consensus;Active appearance model;Conferences;Deformable models;Face;Facial features;Head;Robustness;Sampling methods;Shape;Video sequences}, 
doi={10.1109/ICCVW.2009.5457450},
url = "http://personal.ee.surrey.ac.uk/Personal/R.Bowden/publications/2009/Sheerman-Chase-ICCV09.pdf"
}







@INPROCEEDINGS{DowsonBMVC2006,
author={Dowson, N. and Bowden, R.}, 
booktitle={In Proc. British Machine Vision Conference 06}, 
title={N-tier Simultaneous Modelling and Tracking for Arbitrary Warps}, 
year={2006}, 
volume={2}, 
pages={569-578}, 
url={http://personal.ee.surrey.ac.uk/Personal/R.Bowden/publications/bmvc06/bmvc06_nsmat_dowson_bowden.pdf}
}






@INPROCEEDINGS{DowsonICPR2004, 
author={Dowson, N. and Bowden, R.}, 
booktitle={Pattern Recognition, 2004. ICPR 2004. Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on}, 
title={Metric mixtures for mutual information (M3I) tracking}, 
year={2004}, 
volume={2}, 
pages={752-756}, 
keywords={feature extraction;image sequences;optimisation;video signal processing;Gaussian mixture model;discrete metric space;expectation maximisation;feature tracking;metric mixtures for mutual information tracking;robust template tracking;Active appearance model;Error correction;Kernel;Machine vision;Minimization methods;Mutual information;Optimization methods;Robustness;Tracking;Video sequences}, 
doi={10.1109/ICPR.2004.1334368}, 
ISSN={1051-4651},
url="http://personal.ee.surrey.ac.uk/Personal/R.Bowden/publications/ICPR2004/dowson_ICPR04.pdf"
}


@INPROCEEDINGS{OngFG2004, 
author={Eng-Jon Ong and Bowden, R.}, 
booktitle={Automatic Face and Gesture Recognition, 2004. Proceedings. Sixth IEEE International Conference on}, 
title={A boosted classifier tree for hand shape detection}, 
year={2004}, 
pages={889-894}, 
keywords={image classification;image sequences;object detection;pattern clustering;tree data structures;unsupervised learning;visual databases;boosted classifier tree;classification;hand detector;hand shape detection;image database;k-method clustering algorithm;tree structure;unsupervised training;video sequence;Classification tree analysis;Clustering algorithms;Detectors;Handicapped aids;Humans;Image databases;Robustness;Shape;Tree data structures;Video sequences}, 
doi={10.1109/AFGR.2004.1301646}, 
month={May},
url={http://personal.ee.surrey.ac.uk/Personal/R.Bowden/publications/fg04/239_EngJon_Ong.pdf}
}