Satellite constellations - rosettes with intersatellite links and double surface coverage
A rosette satellite constellation with intersatellite links has two locally-separate surfaces of interconnected satellites over ground terminals - one mesh of interconnected satellites ascending south to north, the other mesh descending from north to south.
This layering of redundant meshes affects satellite coverage, the network design for that constellation, and routing of traffic across that constellation. The redundancy of two overlapping mesh fabrics arguably makes the second layer of intersatellite links unnecessary, which is why most low-orbit constellations with intersatellite links use polar Walker star geometries with a single mesh layer, and not Ballard rosettes.
Work related to double surface coverage includes:
- A Shortest Path Routing Algorithm based on Virtual Coordinate in NeLS, Qiuwen Chen, Kechen Zheng, Feng Ouyang, Xiaoying Gan, Youyun Xu and Xiaohua Tian, 8th International Conference on Wireless Communications & Signal Processing (WCSP), October 2016.
- A Distributed Routing Algorithm for LEO Satellite Networks, Yanpeng Ma, Wei Peng, Wanrong Yu, Jinshu Su, Chunqing Wu and Guohong Zhao, 12th IEEE International Conference on Trust, Security and Privacy in Computing and Communications (TrustCom), July 2013.
- A Location Management Algorithm for LEO Satellite Networks, Yanpeng Ma, Wei Peng, Xiaofeng Wang, Baokang Zhao, Jinshu Su and Chunqing Wu, 12th IEEE International Conference on Trust, Security and Privacy in Computing and Communications (TrustCom), July 2013.
- A distribute and geographic information based routing algorithm for LEO satellite constellation networks, Yanpeng Ma, Jinshu Su, Chunqing Wu, Jinshu Su, Xiaofeng Wang, Wanrong Yu, Baokang Zhao and Xiaofeng Hu. Sixth International Conference on Innovative Mobile and Internet Services in Ubiquitous Computing, July 2012.
- A source-based share-tree like multicast routing in satellite constellation networks, Yanpeng Ma, Jinshu Su, Chunqing Wu, Xiaofeng Wang, Wanrong Yu, Baokang Zhao and Xiaofeng Hu, Third FTRA International Conference on Mobile, Ubiquitous, and Intelligent Computing, June 2012.
- Network Controlled Handover for Improving TCP Performance in LEO Satellite Networks, Hiroshi Tsunoda, Umith Dharmaratna, Nei Kato, Abbas Jamalipour and Yoshiaki Nemoto, IEEE Globecom 2006, San Francisco, December 2006. as double mesh coverage.
- QoS Handover Management for Multimedia LEO Satellite Systems, Stylianos Karapantazis and Fotini-Niovi Pavlidou, Telecommunication Systems, Springer, vol. 32 no. 4, pp. 225-245, Aug 2006.
- A Satellite Selection Method for Walker Delta LEO Satellite Networks, Umith Dharmaratna, Hiroshi Tsunoda, Nei Kato and Yoshiaki Nemoto, IEICE Transactions on Communications, vol. 87 no. 8, pp. 2124-2131.
- Internetworking with satellite constellations, Lloyd Wood, thesis for award of Doctor of Philosophy (PhD), University of Surrey, June 2001, ch. 6 expands on the paper below.
- Managing diversity with handover to provide classes of service in satellite constellation networks, Lloyd Wood, George Pavlou and Barry Evans, 19th International Communication Satellite Systems Conference (ICSSC '01), vol. 3, session 35, no. 194, Toulouse, France, April 2001.
- N. Karafolas and S. Baroni, Optical Satellite Networks, Journal of Lightwave Technology, vol. 18 pp. 1792-1806, December 2000.
- Network performance of non-geostationary constellations equipped with intersatellite links, Lloyd Wood, thesis for Master of Science (MSc) in Satellite Communication Engineering, University of Surrey, November 1995. introduces double surface coverage as double network coverage.